Association of Arab Universities Journal for Arts مجلة اتحاد الجامعات العربية للآداب

Association of Arab Universities Journal for Arts  مجلة اتحاد الجامعات العربية للآداب

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Diaries or autobiographies are considered to be one of an important sources which deal the history of Arab Revolt in terms of political and militarily aspects. This study focuses on the most crucial events and people who participated in the Arab Revolt, and the role the Iraqi military people did in the Arab Revolt. The army at that time consisted of volunteers of Arab tribes in Jordan and Al-Hejaz. The aim of the study is to focus on the biography of one of Iraqi soldier, Jamil Al-Rawi who served as an officer in the Arab Revolt and who later became the military governor in Al-Madina (Al-Hejaz). He was one of the closest to Sharif Hussein bin Ali and his sons, along with being his companion in exile in Cyprus refusing to abdicate Palestine. This study follows the historical approach which is based on analyzing the content of these memoirs explaining and presenting the historical events. The researcher attempts to collect all the diaries that deal with the Arab Revolt so one can make use of them to illustrate some facts that Jamil Al-Rawi used in his memoirs, correcting names and dates, introducing additional information all of which help better understand certain details and events. The study concludes the following: forming the Arab Revolt army of volunteers from Iraq, Syria, Palestine, Libya, and Yemen; the vital role of Iraqi soldiers in forming the core of Arab revolution army; the military activities of the Arab Revolt and the large burden of the military operations of the revolution was lain on the shoulders of the Arab military forces while the contribution of the allies was little, which was only logistics in terms of weapons, equipment, and provisions. Sherif Hussein bin Ali abdicated his throne because of the British policies in the area which tried to force Sherif Hussein bin Ali to sign the British Hejaz Treaty so he abdicatd Palestine. However, because of his rejection of this treaty, he was exiled in Cyprus so the colonzers were able to carry out their plans in the Arab area.

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