Applied Mathematics & Information Sciences

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As a kind of typical human factor influencing the transportation seriously, the lane squeezing behaviors in the lane reduction bottleneck is investigated with the optimal velocity model. Two kinds of vehicles are introduced. The asymmetric lane changing rules in the slowdown section and the lane squeezing behaviors near the merging point are taken into account. Under the periodic boundary condition, the numerical simulations are performed, which shows that the asymmetric lane changing rules, especially the lane squeezing behaviors influence the current distribution of right and left lanes in the slowdown section. And an interesting phenomenon of ratio inversion appears. Besides, the jam queue can also be affected by the length and the speed limit of section B obviously.

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