Urban Periphery and Migration in the Moroccan Pre-Sahara

Ifni: A Small Town, from Fishing to Illegal Immigration

A Spanish enclave until 1969, Sidi Ifni has long played the role of a strategic military base for the Spanish North African colonies (42,000 men in 1950). The only accompanying Spanish economic activity revolved around fishing. The departure of the Spanish caused a real economic downturn followed by a voluntary emigration of the population of Ifni to the Iberian Peninsula and / or to the Canary Islands. This massive emigration and the regression of the fishing activity caused, in the socio-economic absence of the State, a serious economic and social crisis. For several years, the city remained in decline without any particular dynamism.