In the African-American literary tradition, the return to the past is an all-pervading organic strategy which is endowed with crucial but quite ambivalent meanings. African Americans experienced quite a unique condition that conflated geographical trauma with temporal nostalgia. Within this general framework, I will try to demonstrate how in Toni Morrison's highly acclaimed and Nobel Prize winning novel Beloved (1987), the multi-facetted strategies deployed to invoke the past occur on two levels: the inner-text's discursive and border-crossing interplay of the past and the present temporal/spatial settings, and the outer-text’s ambivalent free-floating interplay of four literary and geographical antecedents.
"Toni Morrison's Beloved: The Story of the Wandering Negro Spirit and Its Four Battling Souls,"
Dirassat: Vol. 15, Article 14.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.aaru.edu.jo/dirassat/vol15/iss15/14