Peripheral area in a dynamic coastline, Tarfaya is a small town in decline. Indeed, the geostrategic location of Cap Juby, a former counter on the coast Atlantic facing the Canary Islands, has not benefited the flourishing of a coastal town once dynamic on the Marrakech-Tombouctou caravan route. Hit hard by the silting up and short-circuited economically by the two port cities of the region, namely Laayoune and Tan-Tan, Tarfaya displays jerky demographics, urban structures bordering on non-regulatory and an economy of crisis faced with society which remains a victim of inactivity of unemployment.

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