This article preaches the authenticity of Rifaine society in harmony with its physical and symbolic environment. While reflecting on Rifaine oral poetry, the author evokes the roots of the ancient poem as an element of socio-territorial identification in the test of time. Through the song rallabuya, it is the local heritage that forces admiration and forge the perpetual adaptation of young people. Following the orientation of Jean Cohen and Roman Jakobson, the author reinvests the concept of poeticity while resorting to the theses of the orality of Paul Zumthor in order to extract the poetic forms and thorny aspects accompanying Rifaine society.