The article discusses the factors that contributed to the defeat of Athens, which was a very powerful country. These factors were mainly about the leaders that gave priority to the private interests over the public ones which they consider as an act of treason. This led to the defeat of Athens which made it at the mercy of its enemies. The theme of “Treason” is considered an important key term in the regard, as it represents the Athens dystopia. Another factor that led to this defeat, mentioned in the text, is Athens failure in the campaign against Sicily in 403 BC. This led to serious internal divisions amongst Athens authorities. In this article, the writer also mentioned those who were responsible for the outbreak of the war. Thus, Athens believes that what destroyed Athens is Athens itself.
التايب, عبد السلام
"هزيمة آتينا في الحرب البيلوبونيزية من منظور النخبة المثقفة الآثينية,"
Dirassat: Vol. 19, Article 7.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.aaru.edu.jo/dirassat/vol19/iss20/7