The Religious discourse and freedom of belief in the Islamic West during the medieval era.

Religious discourse and freedom of belief are two important topics for their role in addressing fundamental issues such as relations between people for the sake ofspreading tolerance and coexistence values. Researchers focus more on scrutinizingthe cultural and social aspects of the Western world in order to understand it and try to approach the historical experiences of Islam from the perspective of Maliki jurisprudence. The religious minorities groups and communities who are considered as a basis of the present study should be integrated in all aspects of life. Thus, the religious discourse in Islam is framed to devise the rules that regulate the paths of worship and to preserve the rights of minorities. The Maliki’s jurisprudence, for instance, tried in that era to use a discourse that promotes the acceptance of religious practices and an understanding of the nature and limits of inter-openness as well as the ability to overcome religious, sectarian and ethnic barriers.