The Ancient world was divided into three parts, Europe, Asia Minor and Libya (the present-day Maghreb). The Maghreb of the ancient world is geographically situated in an area which recieived cultural and linguistic influence form all over the world. Accordingly, the conception of identity is affected by socio-cultural historical events. Thus, history is a major component of identity formation.

Denying a part of pre-Islamic history bears on the totality of the artistic and philosophical production that existed in the North of Africa which means a total erasure of a historical period. Such segmentation divides Maghrebins into two distinct origins, the Arab origin and the Berber origin. Consequently, a new identity reference will emerge irrespective of the identity progression that is based on historical continuity and mixing.