In this paper, we will retrace the evolution of two Moroccan cities Agadir and Inzegane under the French protectorate from (1912-1956). This articles bases its findings on the colonial archives left by the French colonizer in the Center for Diplomatic Archives of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Nantes (CADN) and the Historical Archives of the Ministry of Defense (AHD) at the Château de Vincennes (Paris region).We will also try to analyze how did the colonizer utilized administrative division to serve the interest of colonial domination over these aforementioned cities? Obviously, administrative division was used for political purposes to elongate the protectorate by imposing the colonial order in an era marked with the lack of communication and coordination.

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