This article deals with the role of Sultan Moulay Rachid Alaoui in the reunification of Morocco and the laying of the foundations of its modern state in the second half of the 17th century; After defeating his brother, Moulayla Muhammad, and killing him in 1664. He took control of the east and southeast sides of Tazi to Tafilalet, then moved to the Rif region where he defeated the leader Abu Muhammad Abdullah Aaras, and killed him in 1666, then took the control of Fez in the same year, before the subjugation of the movement of Lakhdar Ghilan in the north-west where he subdued the northern tribes; like Ghomara, Beni Mistarah and Beni Zeroual, which allowed him to enter Tetouan where he eliminated the authority of the Al-Naqcis family, and arrested their leader, Ahmed al-Naqcis, and sent him handcuffed in Fez at the same year (1666), then he moved to Meknes and expelled the forces of the Delai, then he completely eliminated the Delaiites in the Middle Atlas in 1668, then he defeated the Shabanat family in Marrakech led by Abu Bakr Ben Karroum al -Hajj al- Shabani at the same year, and headed for Souss and destroyed the Emirate of Semlaliens led by Abu Hassoun Semlali, nicknamed "Boudmaia" in1670. After all these military successes against the political forces inside Morocco, Moulay Rachid embarked on the construction of the State and the consolidation of its foundations, politically, religiously, scientifically, economically and architecturally. But fate did not allow him to complete his project, so he died in 1672 in the city of Marrakech at the age of 42 after an accident due to his riding on an untamed mare, grabbed him and l 'hit with a branch of a tree, so he's fallen dead ever since.

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