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International Design Journal

International Design Journal

Abstract

Biomimicry of color configurations in the natural environment has attracted great interest in research fields in recent years, as colors are produced in the natural environment through three main sources: bio-pigments, bioluminescence and structural colors. Structural color is a special color produced by micro or microscopic structures in living organisms where structural colors arise from complex interactions between microscopic structural surfaces and visible light and are related to the rapidly evolving field of photonics, and in principle they depend mainly on many elementary optical processes including interference Thin layer, diffraction, light scattering, optical crystals etc. In nature these processes are mixed together in multiple ways to produce complex color optical phenomena. Textured colors collaborate with pigment colors to enhance or reduce glossiness and produce special effects. It seems that structure-based optical phenomena in the natural environment are multifunctional, the diversity of which is very far from our understanding. In this research, we review these phenomena that appear in living organisms, to shed light on this rapidly developing field of research and its applications in the field of interior design and furniture. .

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