With the rapid and sudden spread of the emerging Coved-19 virus, avoiding gatherings and close contact with others, and keeping billions of people around the world at home is imperative to curb the rapid spread of the mutated virus. As that situation continues without the ability to determine the expected time for life to return to pre-Covid 19, psychological pressures on human beings are increasing and many suffer from an inability to adapt to current circumstances; In this period of the corona virus outbreak, the call for social spacing, work and learning from home, the role of the residential environment is more important than ever. The house is no longer only a shelter, but must also be an educational and office environment, a place of entertainment and a place of rest and relaxation. Therefore, the multiplicity of functions and roles within the single dwelling has become a new challenge for interior architects. That pandemic has led us to reassess the role of housing and how to prepare for the future. Hence, the research tries to present some strategies and methods to create the best living environment within the residential space. Background and problem: The twenty-first century witnessed a number of epidemics, including the recent corona epidemic, which led to the imposition of a state of isolation, social divergence and isolation within residential spaces, which has become a place for all living activities, work and distance learning. The forced isolation of millions of the world's population has revealed that residential spaces are repellent spaces that lack many elements of life, which would require a change in the concept of designing residential space in the future after the changes imposed by the Corona crisis. Significance: Corona pandemic imposed a reality that requires focusing on the concept of work and learning from home, as a basic need that will continue for a long time even after the end of the Corona crisis. Here must be a review of the design of residential spaces to be able to face those changes, which will become an urgent necessity in the coming days, which will force the designer of interior architecture to embark on innovative design ideas and solutions for those spaces by trying to answer the following questions: How will the concept of residential space change during & after the pandemic? How can the privacy required for learning & working from home be achieved and separated from living spaces? How can the quality of the internal environment and health considerations be achieved to cope with the spread of diseases? How can the negative effects of spending all the time in the dwelling on productivity and mental health be avoided? Objectives: The research aims to study the human considerations and new needs of residential spaces in light of the changes imposed by the Corona crisis and to find the integration of the elements of design and how to employ them correctly. Study appropriate solutions for the planning of residential spaces to accommodate different functions taking into account the health considerations of those spaces and the use of appropriate materials and try to avoid the negatives imposed by the Corona crisis and its impact on the future design of residential spaces. Methodology: Research methodology follows the descriptive and analytical approach by studying the impact of the Corona pandemic on changing the design concept of residential spaces, and a study of the role of new technology and solutions and design alternatives of new materials or new treatments for natural and artificial materials or new technologies and advanced systems in improving the quality of the internal environment of residential space. Conclusions: In this period of the world's outbreak of coronavirus, the call for social spacing, work and learning from home, the role of the residential environment is more important than ever. The multiplicity of functions and roles within the single dwelling has become a new challenge for interior architects, as the need to provide flexibility in the planning of interior spaces and the provision of privacy factor away from noise. The importance of the role of digital technology in communication, work management and distance learning, which affects human behavior, spatial and design needs, productivity rates and economic, environmental and human gains. For scientific research in the field of nanomaterial an important role in the development and development of self-cleaning paints and materials and resistant to bacteria, microbes and dirt, which contribute to reducing the spread of bitterness by touching the internal surfaces. The need to take into account the quality of the internal environment of the residential space from increasing the flow of natural ventilation by increasing mechanical or natural ventilation in the interior space, the use of air quality sensors and tracking the relative humidity rates in the dwelling. The importance of moving activity through the allocation of spaces for activities and sports home either by sports devices or even providing a free space of furniture for exercise and the use of changeable furniture at its height, which gives freedom of movement in case of standing or sitting beside replacing seats with sports equipment to motivate the user to move from time to time. The importance of addressing residential interior spaces in a way that gives users of these spaces openness to nature, and the employment of plant elements, natural materials and colors derived from nature, which increases the sense of warmth and intimacy of the void and reduce the sense of siege imposed by quarantine. Considering the study of how to employ natural light within the residential space, where natural lighting plays an important role in providing psychological comfort to users of the internal space through the user's visual association with the vast external environment, also has an important role in not losing the human connection with time, cognition and the outside world, which may increase during periods of quarantine during which the user is forced to stay in the dwelling for long periods. Natural lighting is also a source of UV radiation, which helps build the immune system by increasing the production of white blood cells, as well as its role in weakening the spread of germs and viruses as well as its role in increasing energy and productivity rates.
Taha, Riham Ismail
"Post-Coronialism Impact on Interior Design Concept for Residential Spaces,"
International Design Journal: Vol. 11
, Article 18.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.aaru.edu.jo/faa-design/vol11/iss4/18