The formal structures in the design of interior spaces possess characteristics and appearance qualities that are fully functional and aesthetic value . They are fictional reality and sometime overlapping with their material characteristics and the characteristics of the designer's free idea in the formulation of materials which change the visual perception into the physical form to express meaning , direct the using ,and support the aesthetic values. The theoretical framework: came from two subjects. The first included the formal and physical structures of the , and the considerations of their use according to their physical and physical structures in the design of interior spaces, and their role in directing and guidance in the active spaces of the corridor space and the semi-active movement in the study spaces of schools and kindergartens. Next, the design motives were dealt with between the realistic elements and the virtual imaginary elements through the expressive forms and their role in the using functional variable and the aesthetic variable, and their design treatments accordingly. Then, indicators were extracted and adopted in the process of analyzing the intentional sample. The research procedures that are determined by the descriptive method in the analysis process. Research community and the sample: represented in educational schools and kindergartens by two sample, global , and Arabic. Results: Most of the physical of objectivity forms in the form of contradictory with the surrounding circles, and appeared in a dramatic imagination when placed in different circles as formal borrowing collect between the reality and imagination. Also elements of the structural variables formed from the reality and the assumption in the structural determinants walls, floors, ceilings, openings, focusing on the walls and exploitation it in the use of formal elements more than other elements. The interior designer focused more on the use of formal elements in the corridors than in the study spaces. The second sample came in a different and non-rolling style, while strangely in the hallway space. The components of formal variables are directly and effectively affected by the memory of the recipients, especially their ages. The role of the reveal material is not limited to supporting one function, especially the basic qualities, including the indirect and need to be within the limits of the absorption of age groups and their ability to interpret, so meet the laws of constants in the images beloved in a fictional form. The relative of objectivity of beauty makes the interpretation in the interpretation and reasoning of the design form a difference generates pluralism in the meaning appears more in the individual recipient and less as the designs expanded to the groups so the stimuli vary in quantity and in the consideration of them , the larger the area of receiving groups more in the individual.
Zair, Ali Mohsen and Faraj, Badria Mohammed Hassan
"The Variables of formal structures in Interior Design,"
International Design Journal: Vol. 9
, Article 5.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.aaru.edu.jo/faa-design/vol9/iss1/5