The Proximate and fatty acid composition were evaluated in three species of tuna; Yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares), longtail tuna (T. tonggol), little tuna (Euthynnus affinis) caught from Hadhramout coast of the Arabian Sea. The results of proximate composition showed high protein content in the flesh of all species, ranged from 22.52% to 24.36%. The average moisture, lipid and ash contents in the flesh of the three fish species were in the range of 70.13–74.0%, 2.34–4.66% and 1.25–1.37%, respectively. The fatty acid profile of all fish was dominated by saturated fatty acids, (31.76–36.77%), followed by polyunsaturated fatty acids (31.21–31.59%) and then monounsaturated fatty acids (20.58–25.87%). Palmitic acid, docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and oleic acid were the most abundant fatty acids in the flesh of all species, with values in the range of 19.69–24.05%, 18.49–20.48% and 11.62–15.75%, respectively. The flesh of all fish contained almost similar levels of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (omega-3 PUFA), ranging from 26.60 to 27.08%. The majority of these omega-3 PUFA was primarily contributed by DHA (69.51–75.63%), then eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, 13.98–17.52%). These results demonstrate that the three species of tuna studied in the present work are excellent sources of protein and the health-beneficial omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids.
Bahurmiz, Osan Maroof
"Proximate and fatty acid composition of three tuna species from Hadhramout coast of the Arabian Sea, Yemen,"
Hadhramout University Journal of Natural & Applied Sciences: Vol. 16
, Article 5.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.aaru.edu.jo/huj_nas/vol16/iss1/5