Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) is considered a common cause of morbidity and mortality among children in low- and middle-income countries, being responsible for 45% of deaths among under-five children. The aim of the study was to determine the outcome and mortality of severe acute malnutrition among hospitalized children in Aden, Yemen. This is a descriptive, retrospective study. The studied population includes hospitalized children of both sexes with SAM admitted to the nutritional unit of Al-Sadaka General Teaching Hospital/Aden during the period from January 1st to December 31st 2021. Of a total of 537 under 5 years, males constitute 53.4% over females 46.6%. In this study, 509 children had a favorable clinical evolution, while 28 deaths were recorded. This corresponds to a mortality rate of 5.2%. The most common cause of death is due to Acute diarrhea in 60.7% of cases .Mortality is higher among males 67.8 % than females and high 85.7% among children < 24 months. Of these 28 deaths, most mortality cases occurred in the non-edematous type of SAM in 89.3% of cases. The most common nutritional feeding formula was F75 in 66.3% of cases. Only 28% of cases achieved target weight; edema had been resolved in 75.8% of cases of edematous SAM at discharge. Severe acute malnutrition remains a severe public health problem, and it mainly affects children under 24 months. A national policy of nutritional intervention should be implemented.
Jawass, Mazin A. and Alwaal, Randa N.
"Outcome and Mortality of Hospitalized children with Severe Acute Malnutrition at Aden, Yemen,"
Hadhramout University Journal of Natural & Applied Sciences: Vol. 19:
1, Article 4.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.aaru.edu.jo/huj_nas/vol19/iss1/4