Hebron University Research Journal (HURJ) is a referred bi-annual journal. It is issued by the Deanship of Academic Research at Hebron University, Palestine. HURJ aims to offer equal opportunities for all researchers. The Journal will accept manuscripts on their intellectual content, irrespective of race, gender, beliefs, ethnic origins, citizenship, or the political philosophy of the authors. Complying with professional ethics of publishing is of prime importance that authors, reviewers, editors, and publishers must put in mind.