: This research discusses the issue of Al-Maa’moon’s transferring the Caliphate to the Alwis by appointing Ali Alridda, the spiritual leader of Ithna Ashrea (a Shiite group) as his Mandate of the Covenant. It also sheds the light on the concept of reign according to the Alwis, their position from the Abbasid Caliphate, the circumstances that surrounded that decision and the reasons that made Al-Maa’moon do so as well as the reactions of both the Abbasids and the Alwis. Most of the Shiites considered the Abbasid Caliphate illegal and that lead to their oppression by the Abbasids. Al-Maa’moon feared the reaction of the Shiites, so he pretended being on their side by making their leader his Mandate of the Covenant. However many of the Shiites refused that and it was considered a kind of conspiracy to shift the center of the Caliphate from Baghdad to Marco, so they decided to dethrone Al-Maa’moon and gave their pledge to Ibrahim Almahdi. When Al-Maa’moon realized what happened in Baghdad, he decided to put an end to all Shiite rituals and returned to the Abbasid ones.
ابو الرب, هاني
"العلويون وولاية العهد زمن المأمون (بيعة علي الرضا),"
Hebron University Research Journal-B (Humanities) - (مجلة جامعة الخليل للبحوث- ب (العلوم الانسانيه: Vol. 10
, Article 5.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.aaru.edu.jo/hujr_b/vol10/iss1/5