The present study aimed to explore differences in academic procrastination, self-esteem and optimism among a sample of 10th and 11th female students in Irbid governorate, Jordan. The study sample consisted of 200 students (100 tenth graders, and 100 twelfth graders), selected randomly from two public high schools. The Participants completed three scales, an academic procrastination scale, a self-esteem scale, and an optimism scale. Results indicated that the level of academic procrastination among eleventh graders was significantly higher than that among tenth graders, and the levels of self-esteem and optimism were significantly higher among tenth graders than those among eleventh graders. Furthermore, there were significant negative correlations between academic procrastination and each of self-esteem and optimism, and significant positive correlations between self-esteem and optimism in tenth and eleventh graders.
Alguzo, Naela and Jaradat, Abdul-Kareem Mohammad
"An Exploratory Study of the Relationship between Academic Procrastination, Self-Esteem and Optimism among a Sample of 10th and 11th Grade Female Students in Jordan,"
Hebron University Research Journal-B (Humanities) - (مجلة جامعة الخليل للبحوث- ب (العلوم الانسانيه: Vol. 15
, Article 8.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.aaru.edu.jo/hujr_b/vol15/iss2/8