The prevailing idea that lived among the old Testament believers in the second century A. D. and the first century B.C. estates that majority of the population were Turates ( Believers in the Old Testament). This study has showed that people in that era were not socially or religiously cohered. Rathe er, different movements existed with different views on the Hillinistic civilelization.
Those groups could not live harmoniously among themselves nor with the Roman authority. The researcher also shows that some of the movemements departed from political and secular life into a nunnery life. Among those groups are the Essenes and the Qumran.
"الحركات الدينية والاجتماعية في فلسطين من القرن الثاني ق . م الى القرن الاول الميلادي,"
Hebron University Research Journal-B (Humanities) - (مجلة جامعة الخليل للبحوث- ب (العلوم الانسانيه: Vol. 2
, Article 1.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.aaru.edu.jo/hujr_b/vol2/iss2/1