The purpose of this paper is to analyze the phenomenon of settlements in Hebron governorate. It also aims at finding out the factors determining the nature of settlements from a geographical, geopolitical, geo-economic and geostrategic perspective. It brings under close scrutiny the Israeli political approach to the area of Hebron in general. The paper further investigates the pattern of settlement spread in Hebron and analyzes this pattern in terms of location, thus exploring the influence of these settlements on the governorate from various dimensions including the vital atmosphere.
statistical analysis shows that there is a definite Israeli geopolitical agenda towards Hebron in addition to the religious, historical, and security-related approaches. Statistical analysis also showed that differences could be due to the amount of rainfall, altitude in relation to sea level, and proximity to main roads. These variables explained 17% of the variation at (alpha= .05). The political variable is the one which explains the highest percentage of variation withreference to settlement location.
The Nearest Neighbor Analysis turned out to be 1.16 which means that the .distribution is systematic thus reflecting centralized planning
The study also shows that ninety percent of the settlements were built during the Likud reign and that 75% of these settlements are agricultural and industrial in nature. Most of them are also semi military in nature. These settlements have influenced all life aspects in the area of Hebron. It is theref fore essential to put into effect a comprehensive developmental plan based on the ability to organize the geographical scope, a process that leads to the .local and regional cohesion.
"التحليل المكاني للمستوطنات الاسرائيلية في اقليم الخليل,"
Hebron University Research Journal-B (Humanities) - (مجلة جامعة الخليل للبحوث- ب (العلوم الانسانيه: Vol. 3
, Article 2.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.aaru.edu.jo/hujr_b/vol3/iss2/2