In this work, copper zinc sulfide (Cu_x Zn_(1-x)S) ternary thin films with parameter "x" such that 0 ≤ x ≤ 0:13 were successfully deposited on glass substrate by acidic chemical baths using EDTA as a complexing agent, zinc acetate and copper acetate as a source of 〖Zn〗^(2+) and 〖Cu〗^(2+) respectively and thioacetamide as source of S^(2-). ZnS was deposited as a pure binary thin film. The band gap of ZnS thin film was increased from 3.8 eV to 4.05 eV for 4.7% Cu added to zinc sulfide. ZnS and Cu_x Zn_(1-x)S thin films were characterized by X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Energy Dispersive X-ray (EDX) and Optical Absorption Spectroscopy (UV-Vis). The effects of deposition concentrations of copper on the optical property of the CuZnS thin films were observed. The XRD studies revealed that pure zinc sulfide thin film cubic structure and all the CuZnS samples were crystallized in amorphous structure. The SEM studies determined the films grain size as spherical shape and the atoms in the film were networked to each other. When copper acetate was added to zinc acetate, they formed a solid solution after a long time by acidic chemical bath deposition. The band gap of pure ZnS thin film was 3.8 eV at deposition time of 1:30 hr with a pH of 3.5 and at deposition temperature of 75 75℃. The optical energy band gap of copper zinc sulfide was conducted at 2.1 eV by the above deposition condition. The films were adherent, transparent and uniform
Gardew Dubale, Derejaw; Abza Abshiro, Tizazu; and Gashaw Hone, Fekadu
"Synthesis and Characterization of Copper Zinc Sulfide (Cu_x Zn_(1-x)S) Ternary Thin Film by Using Acidic Chemical Bath Deposition Method,"
International Journal of Thin Film Science and Technology: Vol. 10
, Article 4.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.aaru.edu.jo/ijtfst/vol10/iss1/4