This article introduces a new mobile-based application of modern information and communication technology in agriculture based on Internet of Things (IoT), embedded systems and an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV). The proposed agricultural monitoring system was designed and implemented using Arduino microcontroller boards, Wi-Fi modules, water pumps and electronic environmental sensors, namely temperature, humidity and soil moisture. The role of UAV in this study is to collect these environmental data from different regions of the farm. Then, the quantity of water irrigation is automatically computed for each region in the cloud. Moreover, the developed system can monitor the farm conditions including the water requirements remotely on Android mobile application to guide the farmers. The results of this study demonstrated that our proposed IoT-based embedded system can be effective to avoid unnecessary and wasted water irrigation within the framework of smart agriculture.
E. Karar, M.; Alotaibi, Faris; Al Rasheed, Abdullah; and Reyad, Omar
"A Pilot Study of Smart Agricultural Irrigation using Unmanned Aerial Vehicles and IoT-Based Cloud System,"
Information Sciences Letters: Vol. 10
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Available at: https://digitalcommons.aaru.edu.jo/isl/vol10/iss1/15