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Information Sciences Letters

Information Sciences Letters

Abstract

In every era, and in every nation throughout history, there have been varying criteria for the ideal body dimensions and ideal external appearance, this diversity of beauty criteria greatly affected the dimensions and shape of the figure, especially for the female, forced the appearance to amplification and minimization or reduction and lifting, for decades this last diversity was keen to keep every area of the body as its connotation, this is chest, this is waist, etc.. (Victorian fashion) in the nineteenth century indicates this system, also the (Edwardian fashion) in the start of the twentieth century, where the tight waist, high chest, and low full hips represent the iconic beauty. Fashion of the twentieth century continued to emphasize the aesthetics of the human figure with an increase to bare parts and a tendency to aesthetics of thinness. With the emergence of the avant-garde fashion designers at the end of this century and in the beginning of the twenty-first century, the dimension and shape of the human figure strongly had been manipulated, unprecedented formations appeared on the scene, it can be seen clearly through the external lines and silhouettes. Avant-garde put the entire fashion system in inquiry, revealing that the ideal philosophy of beauty is far from the prevailing reality, some of avant-garde merged the body with architectural structures, some criticized the concept of fashion in sarcastic formulations, others took fashion as an information medium to support humanitarian causes. The current study aims to identify the visions of fashion avant-garde toward the relationship between fashion and human figure, how did they consider the figure through fashion? and how did some of avant-garde redefined the concepts of fashion itself, which affected the shape of the figure? Also driven by the researcher observation of fashion students weakness understanding for many contemporary fashion projects, the need for the current study comes with analysis of what is behind the designs, expanding the perceptions of fashion scholars, keeping pace with global trends in thought, design, and production which corresponds to Arabic culture. The study follows the descriptive analytical method. The results were represented in extracting eleven criteria that can be as a measure instrument of redefining (fashion) and (figure) in avant-garde designs.

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