A digital grayscale image can be described by intensity or pixel values. The gray levels are spread over the images as irregular or inhomogeneous fashion. A number of proposed methods for calculating the optimal thresholding value for image segmentation, but the fractal analysis is an expeditious and significant mathematical approach that distributes with irregular geometric objects. In the recent years, fractal analysis is widely used in the image processing. In this study we use more general approach, multifractal analysis, for evaluating the optimal thresholding value for image segmentation, since the generalized fractal dimensions measures the irregularity or chaos object as exactly.
Uthayakumar, R. and Gowrisankar, A.
"Generalized Fractal Dimensions in Image Thresholding Technique,"
Information Sciences Letters: Vol. 3
, Article 6.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.aaru.edu.jo/isl/vol3/iss3/6