If the subject in Lacan should have a position – clinical structure – facingthe lack of desire and other’s jouissance, it is through addiction that thepaternal metaphor can be foreclosed and the subject becomes the body in themirror schema ( – o) and hence the addicted subject manages jouissance inits relation (which is an attempt to avoid) with the other through: the substitutionmechanism where the drug takes the place of the agent (the mediator)which bars the subject’s representation of another signifier by absorbing themaster signifier (a – s1) in an attempt to place the drug and the ego-ideal inthe same place. The omnipotent sense resulting from the toximea also hidesthe impossibility relation (or lack of desire) leaving the subject in the illusionof the possibility of achieving full harmony between this agent and the other,on the one hand, and the mechanism of independence of the big Other whichrefers to the break of the social bond and the separation of the subject whichleads to the rejection of the subject as a result of the dependence on the lawof the mother which immerses the subject with toxics when nothing that isrelated to the body is symbolized. This gives addiction its psychopathologicalprivacy. Hence where addiction is considered as a new symptom it is, in fact,an alienation in the narcissistic dimension which is referred to by the breakwith the symbolic
Al Hdini, Wafa Masoud
"Study of Jacques Lacan’s Clinical Structure for Drug Addicts,"
Journal of Al-Quds Open University for Educational & Psychological Research & Studies: Vol. 1
, Article 9.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.aaru.edu.jo/jaqou_edpsych/vol1/iss3/9