The study aimed to identify the levels of psychological alienationand self-esteem among students at Al-Quds and Al-Quds Open Universitiesin Palestine. It also aimed to identify the effect of some demographicvariables such as (gender, study level, academic achievement, place ofresidence and the university education system) of these two factors. Inaddition, it aimed to examine the relationship between the psychologicalalienation and the self-esteem. The study sample consisted of (950)university students (5%( of the original population), of which (581) werefrom Al-Quds University and (360) were from Al-Quds Open University,during the academic year 2012/2013. It was selected by stratified randomsampling according to gender and university.The results showed that the overall degree of psychological alienationamong the students of the two Universities was moderate, as the averagepercentage of their responses reached (52.6%), and so the degree for selfesteem,as the value of the average ratios was (69.6%).Moreover, there was an adverse correlation coefficient, whichwas statistically significant at the level of (α≤0.05) between the scores ofthe psychological alienation and the scores of self-esteem. The Pearson’scorrelation coefficient between them was (-0.54), i.e. when the degree ofalienation gets higher, the degree of self-esteem gets lower and vice versa.The results also indicated that there were no significant differences inthe averages of both the psychological alienation and self-esteem among thestudents of At Al-Quds and Al-Quds Open Universities in Palestine in termsof the academic level and place of residence. The differences in the variableof gender were significant in the averages of the psychological alienation infavor of male; the differences in the averages of the self-esteem were in favorof female. The differences in the academic achievement were significant inthe psychological alienation in favor of “good” and “excellent”, while thedifferences in the self-esteem were also significant in terms of academicachievement in favor of “good” and “very good”.
Shaheen, Mohammed Ahmed and Naser, Fidaa Mahmoud
"Psychological Alienation and its Relation with Self-Esteem among Students of Al-Quds University and Al-Quds Open University in Palestine.,"
Journal of Al-Quds Open University for Educational & Psychological Research & Studies: Vol. 2
, Article 2.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.aaru.edu.jo/jaqou_edpsych/vol2/iss7/2