The Arabian Gulf is distinguished by its strategic location, which made it the focus of the ambitions of colonial countries since the dawn of history, and the Arab Gulf region on the outskirts of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries represented a large tribal alliance that included the lands of the Arab coast from the peninsula of Qatar and the islands of the Bahrain archipelago to Ras al-Hadd, and in the north the coast of Lorestan And a number of islands, including the islands of Qeshm and Hormuz. Hormuz was the administrative and economic center of this alliance. The Gulf region enjoys great importance in the international political balance, from the fifteenth century until the moment, which led to the competition of the great powers to colonize the region, and the conflict raged over this region, beginning with Portuguese and Dutch control, then the French and English conflict, until Britain achieved the extension of its influence And complete control of the Arabian Gulf. Regarding naming the Arab Gulf, the Romans called it "the Arabian Gulf." And who launched that name, the Roman historian Pliny Pliny the Younger, in the first century AD, according to the saying of Imad al-Hafeez that the designation of the Arabian Gulf has been known since before Islam, and continued until after Islam, among the inhabitants of the Arabian Peninsula and its environs, that is to say, that the naming of the Gulf Al-Arabi is not modern, and did not appear with the emergence of the Arab Nasserite tide in the 1950s, as some erroneously claim, but rather it is much older than that. Iranian claims continued in Bahrain in the 1960s until the sudden change occurred when Britain announced its intention to withdraw from the Arabian Gulf before the end of 1971, and then the dangerous development of these claims took place, and here the Shah imagined that Britain’s exit from the Persian Gulf would create a vacuum. It is dangerous, and that Iran is the best person to fill this void. That is why Iran changed its policy towards the eastern Arabian Peninsula, and began the phase of (pretending of goodwill and friendship), with this region that it is necessary to agree on a common security formula to maintain the security of the Arab Gulf.
علي محمد سعيد الغيثي, سعيد
"الخليج: عربي أم فارسي؟ دراسة تاريخية لجذور الصراع وأبعاده وتداعياته,"
Journal of Faculty of Education Assiut University - المجلة العلمية بكلية التربية-جامعة أسيوط: Vol. 36
, Article 4.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.aaru.edu.jo/jfe_au/vol36/iss12/4