During the Ottoman reign in Egypt (918-1222 A.H/1520-1807A.D), while the mint of Istanbul –the capital of the Ottoman Sultanate- was responsible for minting the multiples of the Para, Egypt refused to follow this coinage tradition, despite the fact that it was a state of the Ottoman Empire. This practice on behalf of Egypt reflects some important political events that may show the concealed reaction of refusal and opposition to the Ottoman reign in being against minting through the silver coins as a secondary coin, and not through the golden coins which were the essential ones. In addition, it reflects the power of the Emirs in Egypt during some periods of the Ottoman era. In fact, the only time Egyptian authority has departed this reaction of refusal, was during the reign of Sultan Mustafa the third when Ali Beik al-Kabir struck Para multiples holding his name, although the intention here was to make it as an act of confrontation to the Ottoman reign. Thus, this analytical study aims at introducing a new perspective of study by examining the coins in a method that reveals the political relations during that era, along with publishing some examples for the coins.
Arafa, Eman Mahmoud
"The Refusal of Minting Ottoman Silver Para Multiples in Egypt as a Reflection of the Political Relation with the Ottoman Sultanate,"
Journal of the General Union of Arab Archaeologists: Vol. 1
, Article 3.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.aaru.edu.jo/jguaa/vol1/iss1/3