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Journal of the General Union of Arab Archaeologists

Journal of the General Union of Arab Archaeologists

Abstract

Seals played an important role in ancient Egypt. They were not only used as administrative securing devices for the state bureaucracy, private individual, documents, containers, places, but also as amulets during daily life and in the netherworld. There are some features confirmed the sacredness of seals such as:

Seals as devices of protection.

The crime of breaking the seal.

The seal and sacredness of the place.

The sacredness of the process of sealing.

Beside the sacredness of seals, there are some texts confirmed the relationship between seals and the god Thoth, the relationship through which it can be suggested that as Thoth was the god of wisdom, magic, and writing , he also the god who was responsible for seals and sealing in ancient Egypt religion.

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