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Journal of the General Union of Arab Archaeologists

Journal of the General Union of Arab Archaeologists

Abstract

This study highlights a group of masterpieces which are known as “stirrups” preserved in Gayer-Anderson Museum in Cairo. The study has clarified their function of helping people in riding horses, and supporting the horsemen’s back stability. The study also deals with the linguistic semantics of stirrups, in addition to the beginning of their historical appearance and development, especially in terms of the role of Muslims as represented in AlMuhallab Ibn Abi Sufra in making them out of iron. The study also focuses on the iron that was used as a raw material in making the stirrups, the method of industry, by casting in a mold, and the decorative methods of engraving and gilding. This paper also clarifies the types of vegetal decorations on the stirrups, such as bouquets of roses, leaves and fruits of pomegranates, and the types of the geometric motifs which are represented in triangles, circles and pearl’s beads, and zigzag decorations. This research also highlights the history of stirrups from the 13th century A.H. to the 19th century A.D., especially that they did not carry inscriptions referring to their history. Thus, they were compared with the miniatures of manuscripts and applied masterpieces which carried the same decorations. This paper focuses on three unpublished masterpieces, including three figures done by the researcher. The study concluded six new results in the field of Islamic Arts.

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