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Journal of the General Union of Arab Archaeologists

Journal of the General Union of Arab Archaeologists

Abstract

This paper tackles the question of waterways in ancient Egyptian military role during the New Kingdom. It aims to present a complete overview of the most important waterways: the Nile River and the Mediterranean Sea, in an attempt to consolidate its role by analyzing the text sources and track the forms in which it was portrayed in military scenes, since so far there has been no study tackling their usage in military aspects. Hence, this paper tries to fill this research gap.

The researcher attempts to provide answers for several questions on the effect of waterways on New kingdom military strategy, and whether all of the waterways had the same role in different stages of the New kingdom, and the extent of their association with the international changes and the surrounding political shifts that took place at this time.

As this paper covers the period from the 18th to 20th dynasty, it can be divided into two main sections: The Nile River and The Mediterranean Sea. This order is an account to the importance of waterways types that had been used in military aspects.

At the end of this paper the writer could conclude that the Nile River played the same importance during New kingdom; as a transportation route and for propaganda aims, while the Mediterranean Sea played an important role especially in the 18th dynasty. During the 19th and 20th dynasties, the Mediterranean shores and Delta involved directly in amphibious battles affected by political changes. One of the most important results was that the representation of waterway inside the military scenes cannot be found before the 19th dynasty.

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