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Journal of the General Union of Arab Archaeologists

Journal of the General Union of Arab Archaeologists

Abstract

The concept of intercession is deeply originated in the Eastern Orthodoxy through the reciting of the Intercession Prayer, addressing the Christ, as the main intercessor, and other holy figures including the Virgin, the saints, the martyrs and even angels to intercede on behalf of the faithful and deliver their prayers to God. Deisis is one of the intercession theme aspects that is widely illustrated in murals and icons of Christian Egypt. It is represented in different compositions, but mainly consists of three main figures; the Christ Pantocrator flanked by the two main intercessors: The Virgin Mary and John the Baptist, then many other elements and figures were added emphasizing the divinity of the Christ and the intercession practice.This study aims to highlight the unique place of the Virgin Mary and John the Baptist in Orthodox liturgy and their important role as intercessors for the salvation of the mankind through the different depictions of the Deisis in Christian Egypt.

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