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Journal of the General Union of Arab Archaeologists

Journal of the General Union of Arab Archaeologists

Abstract

Abstract

This topic tackles an analytical vision on the principles of designing the architecture of the Prophet’s Mosque and the stages of its planning throughout the age, for the architecture of the Prophet’s Mosque was distinct to other mosques in the Islamic world with several main elements, which had a great impact on its establishment and construction, as well as the stages of its architecture throughout the ages. These elements constitute: (the position of the Prophet’s Mosque – the location – the direction of the qiblah – the rooms of the Prophet’s wives – the pulpit – the location of al-Rawda al-Sharifa (honorable hall), since these elements mainly affected the planning and architecture of the Prophet's Mosque, and clearly and conclusively defined the path of increases and expansions that the mosque went through throughout the ages.

Problem of the Study:

The problem of the study lies in highlighting the elements affecting the planning of the Prophet’s Mosque during its inception, as well as the elements affecting the stages of its expansion throughout the ages, and the most important of these problems are:

1- Identifying the location of the Prophet’s Mosque (peace be upon him), in relation to the Sacred Mosque and the Al-Aqsa Mosque, as well as to the mosques that were built prior to it. Does the location of the Prophet’s Mosque (peace be upon him) have a spatial sanctity like the Sacred Mosque in Mecca and Al-Aqsa Mosque in Palestine?

2- What are the elements that affected the architecture of the Prophet’s Mosque (peace be upon him) and the stages of its expansion???

3- Were the rooms of the wives of the Messenger (peace be upon him) distributed only along the eastern side of the Mosque or did they have an extension on the rest of the Mosque’s southern and northern sides, and what was the impact of this on the area of al-Rawda al-Sharifa????

4- Why did all the stages of expansion in the area of the Prophet’s Mosque move towards the north, and does the location of al-Rawda al-Sharifa have a direct impact on that????

[Ar]

يتناول هذا الموضوع رؤية تحليلية حول أسس تصميم عمارة المسجد النبوي ومراحل تخطيطه عبر العصور، حيث انفردت عمارة المسجد النبوي دون غيره من مساجد العالم الإسلامي بعدة عوامل رئيسة، كان لها عظيم الأثر على تأسيسه وبنائه، وكذلك مراحل عمارته عبر العصور، ويمكن حصر هذه العوامل في العناصر الآتية: (مكانة المسجد النبوى -الموقع –اتجاه القبلة - حجرات زوجات النبى – المنبر والأساطين- موقع الروضة الشريفة)، حيث أثرت هذه العناصر بشكل رئيسى على تخطيط وعمارة المسجد النبوى، وحددت بشكل واضح وقاطع مسار الزيادات والتوسعات التى مر بها المسجد عبر العصور.

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