Issue 2, June 2022
IntroductionINTRODUCTION This volume is arranged in the same way as each of the previous volumes of the Journal of the General Union of Arab Archaeologists (JGUAA2): Egyptology; Coptic and Islamic (language, art, and material culture); restoration and preservation. The contributions within each category are arranged alphabetically by the author’s first name. They cover not only topics of archeology in the areas being studied, but also sometimes the history that we can draw in the classical languages: ancient Egyptian, Greek, Coptic and Arabic. In the first section, Ahmed Hamdy examines the false door of NIt-£nmw from south Saqqara. Ahmed Younes sheds light on the stela of anxw in Sohag national museum, Inv. Nº. 876. Moreover, Hesham Mohamed Hussein & Eman Ahmed Nour el-Dien study Criosphinx Stela from Tell Heboua - North Sinai. Marwa Mahmoud Mohamed sheds light on A Naos of the King Dara I Nº. (200) at Malawi Museum. Omar Osman & Mohamed Sabra examine +Hwty-nxt’s future meaning after the Temporal wnn. Mohammed Refaat studies the deity BꝪpef (y) in ancient Egyptian religion. and Mohsen Eltoukhy studies +Hwty-nxt’s chest of canopic jars. In the second section dedicated to the Coptic & Islamic studies, Walaa Ali introduces an important study about the function and identity of the steward «oikonomoc»: a linguistic analytical study of Coptic documents. Moreover, Javad Neyestani, Farshad Rahimian & Reza AfhamiMohammad Younis shed light on the effect of Iran’s Qajar archaism on the development of state architecture under the Reza Shah Pahlavi’s rule. In the third section about Restoration, Abeer ElHagrassy provide an important paper about Trichoderma spp. in cultural heritage mural paintings of ancient Egyptian tomb, their antifungal and bioactivity. And Elsayda-Nafesa El-Shamy introduces an important study about Thymol efficiency in conservation procedures applied to infected handwritten paper archive in the Egyptian national archives Dar-Elmahfouzat. Our heartfelt thanks are due to all the authors for their valuable contributions to this volume and we encourage them and other scholars to continue their studies in the various aspects of the Islamic civilization. Finally, I look forward to the next volume with new studies that may help to preserve the Islamic heritage.
THE STELA OF ANXW IN SOHAG NATIONAL MUSEUM INV. Nº. 876
Ahmed Younes Mohammed
CRIOSPHINX STELA FROM TELL HEBOUA - NORTH SINAI
Hesham Mohamed Hussein and Eman Ahmed Nour El-Dien
THE EFFECT OF IRAN’S QAJAR ARCHAISM ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF STATE ARCHITECTURE UNDER THE REZA SHAH PAHLAVI’S RULE
Javad Neyestani, Farshad Rahimian, and Reza Afhami