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Jordan Journal of Islamic Studies

Jordan Journal of Islamic Studies

Abstract

This study aims to find out issues of the ungrammatical substitution in Hadith's structure through Ibn Malik's book (Šawāhid Al-Tawdīḥ). It is to measure the degree of structure's agreement with grammar, based on the two criterions: Grammaticality Optimality and Linguistic Usage Optimality. By the analytical descriptive method, the result shows this substitution appears in four issues: the first two issues are related to the subject-predicate elements, the third is the attachment of the "Nun Wiqāyah" to the noun, and the fourth is the transformation form from the adjective structure into the Iḍāfa structure. All Grammaticality Optimality elements which were violated are located at formal signs. The main factors for this violation are the operational of optional linguistic law which in some contexts leads to false analogy doing. As a result, alternative forms were produced and they have similar linguistic usage from Quran and Arab Poetry which proves that leaving the Hadith as linguistic evidence in Arabic grammar is not justified, and it denies the specificity of the language of poetry.

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