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Jordan Journal of Islamic Studies

Jordan Journal of Islamic Studies

Abstract

The study deals with the subject of the Islamic groups by Ibn Khaldun, and presents his methodology in his study of the groups, and his sources in doing that are the Holy Quran, Sunnah, unanimous, and the law of human civilization. The rules of his methodology in the study of groups were: symmetry or expulsion, difference or variation, cause or rational.

The study explained the factors of the formation of the groups by Ibn Khaldun, namely: religious intolerance, follow the similarity, the external factor, and translation, and make the religious intolerance the core for these factors, based on his theory in human civilization.

From the Islamic groups, he reviewed: The Khawarij, the Shia, the Batinia, the, the linguistic teams, and the Sufism. He was neutral in his presentation of the emergence of these groups, presenting some of their beliefs without making decision or judgement on them, yet he was biased towards the Sufism, considering his conversion to the Ash'ari doctrine.

The study concluded with a set of results, the most important of which are: Ibn Khaldun's doctrine is close to the doctrine of the Righteous Salaf, combining the correct transmission and the clear mind. His method of dealing with groups is characterized by extrapolation, analysis and criticism, and its emphasis on the religious factor, the laws of history, the laws of society, and the philosophical approach.

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