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Jordan Journal of Islamic Studies

Jordan Journal of Islamic Studies

Abstract

This paper deals with a prophetic hadith subject related to (companians setting) and their differences in understanding some of the texts criticisms and differences. The first topic concerns with the Sahabah differences in the understanding of some texts and their jurisprudence judgment. The second topic focuses on the Sahabah criticism of the (Motun) as they practiced it either as an illusion correction or referring it to a reliable proof such as the Quran text or the prophetic Sunnah.

The findings conclude that the first era of Sahabah time manifested the pinnacle of (Dhabt) and carefulness in the narrations, but it have been altered after the death of Omar.It is necessary to distinguish between the Sahaba understandings differences of which was practiced by scholars, and the texts criticism which the (Dhabt) has been clarified and depicted during referring of the prophet hadith to a stronger verification, resulting to jurisprudence and hadith rich knowledge that have an impact on jurists and narrators.

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