This research attempts to study incoming of past tense as an adverb between the Holy Qur'an and the Language. It aims to establish the origin of rule of incoming of past tense as an adverb through the most literary styles and other linguistic texts, bringing in to light changeableness of phenomenon of this rule in this style, and showing strong and young rule, as well as termination of disagreement of grammarians, and reaching to a point which discloses secrets in which complications are hidden and presenting suitable solution. It is completed through the Qur'anicrecitations mentioned in the research, and it is analyzed by statements of scholars and their disagreements. It includes tow schools Basri and Kufi. It also contains sides of recitations in the verse. It also aims to study statements of scholars who support grammarians, reciters and interpreters of Basri School. It also covers opinions of Kufi and other scholars who disagree, with Basri School. It deal with scholars who mentioned the rule without taking specific position. And then attempts to study the Qur'anic verses in which past tenses stated as adverbs without Qad. The study has achieved results, more important of them are as follows: Basri school allows to come past tense as an adverb without Qad, because it doe,s not indicate to meaning of present tense, while Kufi school permits it, because it is stated in the Holy Qur'an and the langUage. The Researcher found out 61 places from the Holy Qur'an in which past tense appeared as adverbs without Qad. Accordingly, he proved that Kufi School and those who supported it, are right, because great number indicates to strength. It also showed that present tense dose not indicate to present time in general, but accordingly, previous Amil, and indicate some time to continuous past and some time future continuous as well as present tense
Abdul Majeed, Abu Saeed
"The Appearance of the Past Tense ‘Haal’ between the Holy Quran and language,"
Jerash for Research and Studies Journal مجلة جرش للبحوث والدراسات: Vol. 9
, Article 5.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.aaru.edu.jo/jpu/vol9/iss1/5