Journal of Statistics Applications & Probability

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Three-quarters or more of Egyptian women suffer from obesity or overweight, a matter that reflects their poor nutritional status. This study aimed to answer a specific question: Are there any significant differences in the body mass index degrees between the categories of the variable that classifies women according to both wealth and empowerment together? If any, are the different levels of women’s empowerment affected by their wealth status and vice versa, regarding Egyptian women in their childbearing years? Using cluster analysis, the women were classified into six groups. To determine whether there were differences in BMI scores among the groups resulting from the classification, the Kruskal- Wallis test was used. Points of difference were identified by multiple comparisons. The results showed strong significant differences in BMI scores among the six groups resulting from the classification. The nutritional status of the woman with a certain level of empowerment was not affected by whether she belonged to a poor family or not. Moreover, the same status of the woman who belongs to a non-poor family was not affected by her empowerment level, while that of the woman who belongs to a poor family was affected by it. This study strongly demonstrates that high levels of empowerment for women who belong to poor families ensure that their nutritional status is not affected by their household wealth status. Therefore, empowering women in the family and combining it with awareness of the proper nutritional path is the key to advancing womens nutritional status in Egypt, where nearly half of the population suffers from poverty.

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