Journal of Statistics Applications & Probability

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This article provides a more fundamental overview that addresses the following provisions associated with feedback in an integrative way. First, several linguistic and definitional issues relating to the term ‘feedback’ are discussed. Second, the article draws attention to the challenges and implications associated with online feedback being increasingly used primarily during the contemporary shift toward online learning. Then, the article spots light on the importance of feedback at multiple levels, followed by a discussion of feedback purposes and potential benefits on student learning and progress, both in the short and long term. This article seeks to contribute to the literature on formative feedback by providing a more profound understanding of the conceptualizations of feedback by incorporating definitional, structural, and functional issues about feedback both as a construct and a practice.

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