Journal of the Arab American University مجلة الجامعة العربية الامريكية للبحوث

Journal of the Arab American University  مجلة الجامعة العربية الامريكية للبحوث


This research presents an overview of the Proactive Behavior. It focuses on both the concept of proactivity and discusses the motivational features as a positive behavioral method that could lead to improving individuals’, and organizations’ performance and efficiency, making it an attractive method to adapt. Then, it presents a supportive comparison of proactivity’s forms, a revision and re-structuring of its main phases, results, and a discussion of the determinants that hinder proactive behavior. In addition, the research discusses some of the emerging fears from proactivity and the possible related constraints with it through literature review for purpose of clarifying the positive and negative sides of the Proactive Behavior.

The outcomes of the research show the great influence of the proactive behavior on the enrichment of the organizational behavior, human resources management research work, and determining the related factors of workers’ psychological well-being. The results also show that the proactive behavior is a complicated phenomenon, with personal and organizational significant effects that are currently more significant than ever due to the changing nature of work, and the proactive behaviour’s responsibility for personal and organizational outputs. The main phases of the proactive behavior show that the ability of generating proactive objectives can explain how the individual and situational factors affect proactive work behavior. The study also highlights the points of strength and weakness of the proactive behaviour, and the need to confirm the role of proactive behavior’s individual, structural, and organizational determinants. Finally, the findings show that the engagement in proactive behavior generally leads to preferable outcomes, with some exceptional negative side effects such as psychological stress. As a conclusion, the workers should compare between the gains, and the possible burdens of work due to the proactive behavior. It is necessary to direct research attention to the inclusion and employment of proactive behavior to identify the strategic needs of the organizations, and assist policy-makers, and decision-makers in making effective decisions.