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Al Jinan الجنان

Abstract

The importance of the critique science lies in that it helps the reader of literature understand its artistic characteristics, and to appreciate its creativity and fine quality. Its function is to judge the quality of literature texts, and provide a comparison between them in the context of the finest artistic rubrics and aesthetic articulation. Accordingly, this research work provides a comprehensive study covering the critique methods covered by the Ibn Tabataba›s book (The Caliber of Poetry). The book is considered one of the pioneers in this area that had a contribution to laying the foundations and origins of critique science. The value of the book is further emphasized due to two reasons, one of which was that it included an applied aspect in addition to the theoretical side. The author applied his critique theory and his views to wealthy examples of Arabic poetry. This helps the learner to follow the good example and avoid pitfalls, so that the theoretical and practical sides join together in enabling the poet to produce a text free of defects and flaws. The second reason is that the author was a poet who writes poetry and lives by it, which gave him artistic sensitivity and aesthetic taste. He possessed a critical sensing capabilities and a high aesthetic skill clearly evident in his analysis of the different pinions that were of interest to the ancients and modern critics.

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