An-Najah University Journal for Research - B (Humanities)


The study aims to identify the quantitative and qualitative distribution of the crimes in the capital Governorate for 2015 according to the security divisions and indicating the factors affecting this distribution, as well as classify the police directorates in the Governorate by the levels of the crime, and construct of a geographical database which shows the spatial variation in the size and the type of the crime in the Governorate. The study used a descriptive research method to achieve its objectives. The Sum of Rank Index was used in the classification of police departments in the governorate by the level of crime concentration; the method of the cartographic analysis was also used through using of the Geographic Information System (GIS) technology in preparing maps which show the spatial variation of the crime between the regions of the governorate. The study reached a set of results that: there is a quantitative and qualitative spatial difference in the distribution and spread of the crime between the police departments in the Capital governorate (Amman), the results also show that the most important factors affecting the spatial variation of the crime in the governorate are: population density, population, the area of the region, and the distance from the center of the city. The study recommended taking a package of formal procedures which aimed to reducing the high crime rates, especially in the central areas of the governorate, as well as focusing on the spatial dimensions and the geographical variables in the developing of the solutions and the proposals that aimed to reduce the crime in the governorate and combat its causes.