An-Najah University Journal for Research - B (Humanities)


The study dealt with the spatial and temporal change of the population in the city of Aqaba in terms of population size at the neighborhood level, population growth rates, change and distribution of the spatial composition of the population in the city, and factors of population growth such as natural increase and migration. The study relied on official census data as well as 2018 estimates to show changes in population growth, distribution, composition. Several methods were used to analyze these changes, and among these methods are: extracting growth rates, building tables and analyzing them, and building maps using geographic information systems (GIS). The number of residents in residential neighborhoodsin the city of Aqaba doubled gradually and noticeably almost 3 times during the period between 1994-2018, and the high population growth rate of Aqaba residents in general during the study period, reaching (4.62%) for the period (1994-2018). The study wasconcluded with a set of recommendations, the most important of which is that the high population growth rate of Aqaba residents requires officials to provide facilities and services to meet the increasing numbers of residents in proportion to the requirements of citizens and community groups in all economic, social and cultural fields. Planners take into account the factors affecting population growth when setting population policies for the study area and linking them to the city's needs on the one hand and development projects on the other hand.