An-Najah University Journal for Research - B (Humanities)




The study aimed to reveal the limitations imposed by some political systems in the world to restrict Internet freedom during political crises, conflict, and the dangers of those limitations, restrictions on freedom of expression and human rights. The study adopted the descriptive approach to explain the theoretical framework of the concept of freedom of human use of the Internet, freedom of the Internet as a human right, the role of the Internet in encouraging freedom of expression of public opinion, the types of restrictions imposed on it in normal circumstances and in times of crisis, and the motives of those determinants and their impact on societies. The study concluded that the freedom to use the Internet as a human right is still tainted by many restrictions, and that the United States used the concept of Internet freedom to achieve political motives, and as a means to impose its agenda on some political systems in the world, with the aim of strengthening its power and protecting its interests, and that the most prominent limitations on the freedom of Internet use during crises are;Internet shutdown, imposing censorship, and restricting access to it, and the results indicated an increase in cases of deliberate government Internet shutdown in a number of countries in the world, reaching 96 cases since the beginning of 2022 until the end of the third quarter of it, carried out by 21 countries to confront protests, demonstrations or Political conflicts, and these indicators point to increasing violations of Internet freedom in crises, and human rights