An-Najah University Journal for Research - B (Humanities)


The research aims to shed light on agriculture in the province of Aleppo in the Mamluk era (648-922 AH / 1250-1516 AD) through: studying the types of lands, methods of their exploitation, irrigation means and tools, and crops, as well as livestock, and the natural and human obstacles affecting agriculture, and the taxes imposed on it. The importance of the research lies in the fact that it dealt with an economic aspect that did not receive the attention of historians, such as the political aspect, as many researchers refrained from the methods of this type of research that need patience to extrapolate, collect and analyze texts into economic information in light of the lack of historical sources for the availability of accurate information. The research was based on the historical research method. And he reached several results, most notably: The flourishing of agriculture in the Niyabat of Aleppo in certain periods in the Mamluk era under study. The researcher concluded that agriculture in the Aleppo Procuratorate was one of the main tributaries to support the Mamluk economy and state resources and contribute to alleviating the large Mamluk state burdens, such as equipping the armies and contributing to the payment of soldiers’ salaries.