An-Najah University Journal for Research - B (Humanities)




The presence of women as workers in workplaces has become an important and essential requirement for increasing the development of countries and a feature that characterizes modern societies. However, the diminishing of her rights and the discrimination directed against her sometimes prompted the local and international community to impose legal texts in the field of work aimed at equality between the sexes, and to provide special protection for women in terms of times and quality of work, taking into account women’s privacy, by prohibiting their employment in some jobs and granting them special leaves and preventing their dismissal during pregnancy leave. And despite the intensive efforts to guarantee women's rights, the practical reality indicates that women's rights have not been adequately protected, as some countries still suffer from weak implementation of local legislation and international standards related to women's work and the protection of their labor rights, including Palestine. Palestinian labor law in force is still in need of development in order to meet international standards, and this matter constitutes an important element of this study. This study aimed to demonstrate the compatibility of the Palestinian Labor Law with international labor standards regarding the legal protection of working women, by presenting the legal texts in the Palestinian Labor Law, in addition to showing the most important agreements issued by the International Labor Organization with regard to the protection of women in work establishments. The study also aimed to show the extent to which the law deals with sufficient guarantees to protect working women from any discrimination practiced against them, and to interrogate whether the legal provisions contained in the law sufficient to achieve effective protection for working women? The study also concluded that the current labor law dealt with some legal provisions to protect working women, but this protection still needs legislative strengthening to achieve better protection for women and to integrate them more strongly into the labor market. It is also important to work on developing the labor law in order to conform to international labor standards, and there is a need to strengthen the role of the labor inspectorate in monitoring establishments.