Nanotechnology is an evolving technology, resulting in significant differences in product behavior. Applications of Nano materials in textiles are constantly growing to improve performance and create unparalleled textile functions for their enormous technical, economic and ecological advantages. It is expected that Nano materials will either enhance existing properties or add new functionalities to textiles such as dirt and water repellent, breathability, UV protection, conductive and anti-static properties, wear and wrinkle resistance or stain resistance or bacteria. Due to advancement in manufacturing of Nano materials, a new developed materials specified in the area of protection has been discovered such as; carbon Nano tube (CNT) and Graphene. CNT has unique mechanical properties, particularly in improving tensile strength, and is one of the strongest known materials used in high-performance nanocomposites due to their unique mechanical properties. And its properties make it the best to reinforce polymers and have a great potential for use in the manufacture of ballistic-resistant materials. Graphene is an allotrope of carbon that exists as a two dimensional sheet. graphene is as a single layer of graphite, where all the carbons exist in a regular hexagonal array, it’s the first two dimensional materials to be available. It is both the lightest known substance and the strongest ever produced. The ability to be solid, strong and flexible at the same time gives this incredible potential for use as a body armor or shielding. Research Subject: Insufficiency of puncture resistant Nano treated fabrics in the Egypt. Objective: Develop and improve puncture resistant factor for cotton fabrics using Nano technology in Egypt. Methodology: Experimental method. Results: The most important results are Emphasize the effective role of Nano technology in puncture resistant in textiles. Through Nano technology and Nano additives a wide range of properties could be added to fabrics. The impact proof treatments of fabrics and material developments have several applications. The mechanical properties of textile fibers can be enhanced by incorporation of nanoparticles in fiber, such properties include increasing puncture resistant. Hematite (Iron III Oxide) Nanoparticles were applied to cotton fabrics using polyurethane cold cure foams as a binder, the treatment enhanced the mechanical properties ‘puncture resistant’, The experiment shows a significant increase in puncture resistance for treated fabrics. Effect of Nano iron on physical properties of cotton fabric lead to Changes in physical properties of Nano iron loaded cotton fabric was evaluated in terms of puncture resistance and compared with the untreated cotton fabric.
Hassan, Mohammad Salah Badr
"Nano technology applications in textile to improve puncture resistant of fabrics,"
International Design Journal: Vol. 10
, Article 12.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.aaru.edu.jo/faa-design/vol10/iss1/12