Future Dental Journal




Background: Biocompatible substances from plant origin have been more in focus in contemporary dentistry. Aim: This review, aimed to highpoint the influence of curcumin, ginger and tamarind on different oral and paraoral tissues from histological point of view. Material and methods: A narrative review was carried out based on publications in PubMed, google and Scopus database. The documents published up to 2021 were included. The research was based on inclusion criteria of 89 studies.Results: Curcumin inhibits alveolar bone resorption, reduces inflammatory cell infiltration, aids in epithelial regeneration and improves salivary glands architecture. Ginger was found to be beneficial in re-organization of periodontal ligaments, reducing inflammatory cells and osteoclasts differentiation, as well as restoring mucosal and salivary glands configuration. On the other hand, tamarind is a potent anti-inflammatory agent in periodontitis, enhances collagen synthesis and fibroblasts proliferation, acts as a matrix for hydroxyapatite crystals growth and aids in regaining of tongue papillae. However, it may be an underlying cause for oral submucous fibrosis.Conclusions: Dental applications of curcumin, ginger and tamarind are based on their anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant effects. Curcumin is valuable in treatment of periodontitis and wound healing. Though, ginger has regenerative ability on various tissues. Limited studies are available concerning the effect of tamarind on oral tissues.